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Title: Structure−Activity Relationship of Lanthanide-Incorporated Nano Hydroxyapatite for the Adsorption of Fluoride an
Authors: Wimalasiri, A.K.D.V.K
Fernando, M.S
Dziemidowicz, Karolina
Williams, Gareth R.
Koswattage, K.R.
Dissanayake, D.P.
de Silva, K.M.Nalin
de Silva, Rohini M.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: articleWimalasiri_2021 doi10.1021/acsomega.0c05935 url year2021 monthmay publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS) authorA. K. D. Veromee Kalpana Wimalasiri and M. Shanika Fernando and Karolina Dziemidowicz and Gareth R. Williams and K. Rasika Koswattage and D. P. Dissanayake and K. M. Nalin de Silva and Rohini M. de Silva titleStructure–Activity Relationship of Lanthanide-Incorporated Nano-Hydroxyapatite for the Adsorption of Fluoride and Lead journalACS Omega
Abstract: The growing demand for water purification provided the initial momentum to produce lanthanide-incorporated nano-hydroxyapatite (HAP) such as HAP•CeO2, HAP•CeO2•La(OH)3 (2:1), and HAP•CeO2•La(OH)3 (3:2). These materials open avenues to remove fluoride and lead ions from contaminated water bodies effectively. Composites of HAP containing CeO2 and La(OH)3 were prepared using in situ wet precipitation of HAP, followed by the addition of Ce(SO4)2 and La(NO3)3 into the same reaction mixture. The resultant solids were tested for the removal of fluoride and lead ions from contaminated water. It was found that the composite HAP•CeO2 shows fluoride and lead ion removal capacities of 185 and 416 mg/g, respectively. The fluoride removal capacity of the composite was improved when La(OH)3 was incorporated and it was observed that the composite HAP•CeO2•La(OH)3 (3:2) has the highest recorded fluoride removal capacity of 625 mg/g. The materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy–energy-dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometry, X-ray powder diffractometry (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area analysis. Analysis of results showed that Ce and La are incorporated in the HAP matrix. Results of kinetic and leaching analyses indicated a chemisorptive behavior during fluoride and lead ion adsorption by the composites; meanwhile, the thermodynamic profile shows a high degree of feasibility for fluoride and lead adsorption.
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