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Title: Coniferyl alcohol oxidase, anew enzyme of lignification
Authors: Savidge, R A
Udagama-Randeniya, P V
Yijun, Xu
Leinhos, V
Forster, H
Keywords: Coniferyl alcohol oxidase
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: “Lingnin and Lignan Biosynthesis”, in ACS Symposium Series Volume 697, Lewis, N. G. and Sarkanen, S (eds), American Chemical Society, 109-130.
Abstract: Coniferyl alcohol oxidase (CAO), a catechol oxidase (o-diphenol:oxygen oxidoreductase, E.C. specifically associated with lignification during wood formation in conifers, is described and its activity is compared with that of peroxidase. CAO activity is not affected by provision of H2O2, and although CAO is an O2-requiring enzyme able to oxidize substrates in common with laccase, CAO is distinct from laccase in catalytic rate, amino acid composition, response to effectors, copper content and type, protein size, and immunodetectability. Peroxidase activity, readily detected in phloem, cambium and xylem, was inversely correlated with lignification. In contrast, CAO activity was restricted to the lignifying zone. Peroxide and superoxide anion were found in the phloem and cambial zone, respectively, but a pool of H2O2 in support of lignification could not be detected in lignifying xylem or elsewhere. Additional evidence has indicated that coniferin hydrolysis may be the rate limiting step in the supply of coniferyl alcohol for oxidation by CAO.
Description: Summary In conifers, CAO is an oxygen-dependent oxidase capable of oxidizing coniferyl alcohol into dilignols, and the activity of CAO is specifically associated with lignification. Whether CAO actually participates in lignification remains uncertain; however, the same difficulty attends the presumed roles of peroxidase and laccase in production of the lignin polymer. Stable genetic transformants having inactivated gene expression for CAO, peroxidase, or laccase need to be produced in order to clarify the role of each enzyme in lignification.
ISBN: ‍9780841235663
Appears in Collections:Department of Zoology

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