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Title: Molecular characterization of two immunity - related acute- phase proteins : Haptoglobin and serum amyloid A from black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)
Authors: Jayasinghe, J. D. H. E.
Elvitigala, D. A. S.
Whang, I.
Nam, B. H.
Lee, J.
Keywords: Haptoglobin
Serum amyloid A
Black rockfish
Immune challenge
Transcriptional response
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Jayasinghe, J. D. H. E., Elvitigala, D. A. S., Whang, I., Nam, B. H., & Lee, J. (2015). Molecular characterization of two immunity-related acute-phase proteins: Haptoglobin and serum amyloid A from black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli). Fish & shellfish immunology, 45(2), 680-688.
Abstract: Haptoglobin (Hp) and serum amyloid A (SAA) are two vital proteins involved in inflammatory reactions and are classified as acute-phase proteins. They are released from hepatocytes under inflammatory conditions to protect healthy cells from being damaged by pathogens or from self-destructive mechanisms. In this study, a previously constructed black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) cDNA library was used to identify the full-length cDNA sequences of Hp and SAA homologs (RfHp and RfSAA, respectively) and characterize them at the molecular level. As expected, in silico analysis of these homologs showed the typical domain architectures of their known counterparts. Open reading frames of RfHp and RfSAA consisted of 942-bp and 313-bp DNA sequences, respectively. The derived polypeptide sequence of RfHp was composed of 313 amino acids (aa) with a predicted molecular weight of 34 kD, whereas RfSAA had a 121-amino acid sequence with a molecular weight of 13 kD. Phylogenetic analysis as well as pairwise sequence alignment results showed that RfHp was more closely related to Oreochromis mossambicus from an evolutionary perspective while RfSAA was closely related to the Epinephelus coioides ortholog. Although both genes were expressed ubiquitously in the tissues analyzed, they were particularly expressed in liver tissue, suggesting their origin in hepatocytes. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that both RfHp and RfSAA were significantly up-regulated by both bacterial and viral stimulation in liver tissue, affirming their putative importance in the acute phase of first-line host immune defenses
Appears in Collections:Department of Basic Sciences & Social Sciences

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