Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax Duffy Binding Protein II (PvDBPII) under unstable transmission and low intensity malaria in Sri Lanka|
|Authors:||Premaratne, Prasad H.|
Aravinda, B. Ramesh
Escalante, Ananias A.
Udagama, Preethi V.
Duffy binding protein
|Publisher:||Infection, Genetics and Evolution|
|Abstract:||Elucidating the genetic diversity of the Duffy Binding Protein II (PvDBPII), a leading vaccine candidate for vivax malaria, in different geographical settings is vital. In Sri Lanka malaria transmission is unstable with low intensity. A relatively high level of allelic diversity, with 27 polymorphic nucleotides and 33 (aa) haplotypes was detected among the PvdbpII gene in 100 local Plasmodium vivax isolates collected from two hypoendemic areas, and from a non endemic area of the country. Mutations, recombination and balancing selection seem to maintain the observed local allelic diversity of PvdbpII. Lack of gene flow was evidenced by high Fst values between the two endemic study sites. Some of the aa polymorphisms may alter the binding and expression capacity of predicted T cell epitopes in PvDBPII. Of the 8 binding inhibitory linear B cell epitopes, 2 (H2 and M1) in the vicinity of the exact binding region of PvDBPII appeared to be highly conserved in Sri Lankan, Iran and Colombian isolates, while H3, M2, M3 and L3 neutralizing epitopes seem to be polymorphic globally, with H1 and L2 conserved in Colombian, South Korean and Iran isolates. In comparison to the reference Sal-1 strain, among 402 world-wide isolates (302 global and 100 local), 121 aa polymorphisms and 138 haplotypes were recorded of which 3 aa polymorphisms and 21 haplotypes seem to be unique to Sri Lanka. PvdbpII phylogeny suggests that local P. vivax parasites represent a sample of the global population. The ubiquitous presence of some PvDBPII aa haplotypes among both local and global P. vivax isolates may aid future vaccination strategies based on PvDBPII.|
|Description:||Highlights ► Mutations, recombination and balancing selection maintain the observed local allelic diversity of PvdbpII in Sri Lanka. ► Among 402 world-wide isolates (302 global and 100 local), 138 aa haplotypes were recorded of which 21 were unique to Sri Lanka. ► Of the 8 neutralizing linear B cell epitopes, 2 (H2 and M1) that lie in the vicinity of the exact binding region of PvDBPII are highly conserved in local isolates.|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Zoology|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.