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Title: Comparison of naturally acquired antibody responses against the C-terminal processing products of Plasmodium vivax Merozoite Surface Protein-1 under low transmission and unstable malaria conditions in Sri Lanka
Authors: Wickramarachchi, Thilan
lleperuma, Ruwan J.
Perera, Lakshman
Bandara, Sumith
Holm, Inge
Longacre, Shirley
Handunnetti, Shiroma M.
Udagama-Randeniya, Preethi V
Keywords: Sri Lanka
Low transmission
Unstable malaria
Plasmodium vivax
MSP-1 C-terminal fragments
Antibody switch
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: International Journal for Parasitology
Citation: 28
Abstract: We report here, for the first time, a comparison of naturally acquired antibody responses to the 42 and 19 kDa C-terminal processing products of Plasmodium vivax Merozoite Surface Protein-1 assayed by ELISA using p42 and p19 baculovirus-derived recombinant proteins, respectively. Test populations comprised patients with microscopy confirmed acute P. vivax infections from two regions endemic for vivax malaria where low transmission and unstable malaria conditions prevail, and a non-endemic urban area, in Sri Lanka. The antibody prevalence to the two proteins, both at the individual and population levels, tend to respond more to p42 than to p19 in all test areas, where >14% of individuals preferentially recognized p42, compared with <2% for p19. In patients with no previous exposure to malaria, 21% preferentially recognized p42, whereas none exclusively recognized p19. A significantly lower prevalence of anti-p19 IgM, but not anti-p42 IgM, was observed among residents from endemic areas compared with their non-endemic counterparts. Individuals from both endemic areas produced significantly less anti-p19 IgM compared with anti-p42 IgM. IgG1 was the predominant IgG isotype for both antigens in all individuals. With increasing exposure to malaria in both endemic areas, anti-p19 antibody responses were dominated by the functionally important IgG1 and IgG3 isotypes, with a concurrent reduction in IgM that was lacking in the non-endemic residents. This antibody switch was also reflected for PvAMA-1 as we previously reported with the identical battery of sera. In contrast, the antibody switch for p42 was restricted to endemic residents with more extensive exposure. These results suggest that an IgM-dominated antibody response against the p42 polymorphic region in endemic residents may interfere with the development of an IgG-dominated “protective” isotype shift to p19, that may complicate vaccine development.
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