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Title: Evaluation of new Mini STR markers for DNA based human identification: An in silico approach
Authors: Goonawardhana, N.D.S.
Udagama, P.V.
Fernandopulle, N.D.
Illeperuma, R.J.
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Annual Research Symposium
Abstract: Analysis of Short Tandem Repeat (STR) markers on the human genome is an important tool in the identification of individuals based on their genetic makeup. DNA extracted from materials of biological evidence is subjected to Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) to generate DNA profiles, unique to an individual. However, forensic analysts are challenged to obtain a complete DNA profile by the failure in PCR amplification of such biological evidence due to several factors: for example, high humidity and temperature in the tropics (as in Sri Lanka), promote the degradation of such biological materials and rapidly reduce the possibility of typing such nuclear DNA. Conventional PCR technology used in Sri Lanka analyses amplicons generated in the size range of 150 to 450 nucleotide bases. Hence, DNA in a biological sample fragmented into smaller sizes cannot be amplified by PCR. Therefore, we have evaluated the application of three new miniaturized –Short Tandem Repeat markers (mini-STRs) screened for possible application in degraded DNA evidence analysis. These novel STR markers are capable of generating smaller sized PCR amplicons (less than 150 bp) by PCR. No previous studies have been recorded in the application of these three STR loci.
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